New Jersey Age of Consent Lawyers
Link to this page: Find the Right Lawyer Now! Choose Your Legal Category: X 1 Enter Zip Code or City this may not be the same place you live. X Most Common Issues:. In New Jersey, it is illegal for an adult someone 18 or older to have sex with a minor someone younger than 16 , even if the sex is consensual.
Those who break the law have committed statutory rape. Statutory rape laws are premised on the assumption that minors are incapable of giving informed consent to sexual activities. The age of consent can vary among states, and some states differentiate between consensual sex between minors who are close in age for example, two teenagers of the same age , as opposed to sex between a minor and a much older adult.
Though statutory rape does not require that the prosecutor prove an assault, it is still rape. Of course, rape that does involve force or an assault is illegal in New Jersey and prosecuted as forcible rape. Penalties depend on the ages of the defendant and victim and the conduct that occurred, as described below. Aggravated sexual assault includes sexual penetration genital, oral, or anal sex or penetration, however slight, with a body part or object between a minor who is younger than 13 and a defendant of any age.
Sexual assault includes sexual contact sexual touching, even over clothing in an arousing or sexually gratifying way between a minor who is younger than 13 and a defendant who is at least four years older than the victim. It also includes sexual penetration between a minor who is 13, 14, or 15 and a defendant who is at least four years older than the victim.
Criminal sexual contact includes sexual contact between a minor who is 13, 14, or 15 and a defendant who is at least four years older than the minor. State law requires that, in addition to the applicable fines and prison time, people convicted of certain sexual crimes including statutory rape must register as sex offenders. If the juvenile agrees to the waiver, the case will proceed through the juvenile system with a bench trial.
The age of consent in Delaware is 18, but it is legal for teenagers aged 16 and 17 to engage in sexual intercourse as long as the older partner is younger than Definitions generally applicable to sexual offences. Children who have not yet reached their twelfth birthday are deemed unable to consent to a sexual act under any circumstances.
Rape in the fourth degree; class C felony. The age of consent in Florida is 18,  but close-in-age exemptions exist. By law, the exception permits a person 23 years of age or younger to engage in legal sexual activity with a minor aged 16 or As used in this section, "sexual activity" means oral, anal, or vaginal penetration by, or union with, the sexual organ of another; however, sexual activity does not include an act done for a bona fide medical purpose Florida code, Title XLVI, Chapter A new law passed in stated that people convicted of statutory rape may be removed from the sex offender list if they were no more than four years older than their victims, had only the statutory rape offense on their records, and had victims aged 14— The age of consent in Georgia is 16 and there is no close-in-age exception , though the offenses are a misdemeanor rather than a felony in cases where the perpetrator is less than 19 years of age and is no more than 4 years older than the victim.
The crime of " statutory rape " makes it illegal for a perpetrator of any age to have sexual intercourse with someone under the age of 16 that they are not married to. This offense carries a minimum sentence of 1 year in prison, and a maximum of 20 years. If the offender is 21 years of age or older, the minimum is raised to 10 years in prison, and the offender is subject to sex offender sentencing guidelines.
The crime " child molestation " makes it illegal for anyone to engage in "any immoral or indecent act to or in the presence of or with any child under the age of 16 years with the intent to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of either the child or the person", as well as electronically transmit any depiction of such an act. For repeat offenders, the minimum 10 years and the maximum is life imprisonment. This crime has the same close-in-age exception as statutory rape stated above if the victim is 14 or 15 years old and the actor is 18 or younger and within 4 years of age.
A third applicable crime is " aggravated child molestation ", which is any act of the previously mentioned child molestation that causes injuries to the victim, or involves an act of "sodomy" defined under state law as any act of oral sex or anal sex. However, if the victim is 13, 14 or 15 years old, the actor is 18 or younger and within 4 years of age, and the act committed was "sodomy" and did not cause injury, the crime is reduced to a misdemeanor. This exception was added after a landmark case, Wilson v. State of Georgia occurred in and caused lawmakers to think the statute should have a close-in-age exception.
At the time because of the words of the law, a year-old boy was sentenced to 10 years in prison for having consensual oral sex with a year-old girl. Georgia was notoriously resistant to raising its age of consent in the Progressive Era. In , the Georgia Supreme Court reversed the conviction of a man convicted of raping a year-old girl because the age of consent in Georgia was 10 at the time.
Nonetheless, the Court recommended raising the Georgia age of consent, saying "the age of consent in many States is higher than in this State, and should be made higher here; and a committee of ladies" is petitioning to do that. As it turned out, Georgia's age of consent would remain at 10 until , and even then it was only raised to The age of consent in Hawaii is There is however a close-in-age exemption, which allows those aged 14 and 15 to consent to sex with those less than five years older. Previously the age of consent was 14, the lowest in the United States.
Avery Chumbley , a member of the Hawaiian Senate , had made efforts to raise the age of consent. The age of consent in Illinois is 17, and rises to 18 with someone who has a position of authority or trust over the victim. There is no close-in-age exception, crossing the age boundary is Criminal Sexual Assault. Any sexual contact between minors the age of 9 and 16 is Criminal sexual abuse. Although Illinois' minimum marriage age with parental consent or court order is 16,  there is no statutory exception to the age of sexual consent.
Bill was introduced in to decriminalize sexual relationships between children 13—16 years old and those fewer than five years older, but the bill failed to pass. In a bill was proposed that would allow people who violated the age of consent laws and were close in age with their victims to petition a judge to be removed from the sex offender registry.
Republican state representative Dennis Reboletti of Elmhurst stated that he did not believe judges should be able to reverse decisions made by prosecutors. The age of consent in Indiana is The law allows the actor a defense to prosecution if the victim is currently or was previously married the absolute minimum marriageable age in Indiana is 15 , although this defense does not apply in the case of violence, threats or drugs. This is not a close-in-age exception though, but merely a defense in court. The law also allows a mistake of age defense if the actor reasonably believed the victim was 16 or older.
The age limit rises to 18, according to IC, if the actor is an adult who is the guardian, adoptive parent, adoptive grandparent, custodian, or stepparent of the minor; or a child care worker for the minor; or a military recruiter who is attempting to enlist over the minor. Any person who engages in sexual intercourse with a child under 14 years of age commits a Class B felony, under IC Child molesting. Under certain aggravating circumstances, the crime becomes a Class A felony. The age of consent in Iowa is 16, with a close-in-age exemption for those aged 14 and 15, who may engage in sexual acts with partners less than 4 years older.
A person commits sexual abuse in the third degree when the person performs a sex act under any of the following circumstances The age of consent in Kansas is Aggravated indecent liberties with a child is sexual intercourse with a child who is 14 or more years of age but less than 16 years of age. As per State v. Limon the previous Kansas age of consent law, which did not apply to homosexuals, was struck down by the Kansas Supreme Court due to 's Lawrence v.
The age of consent in Kentucky is Consensual sex with persons at least age 16 but not yet 18 is permitted only if the actor is less than 10 years older than the younger party. In addition to the basic law regarding consent, the KRS has additional consent laws covering a variety of other situations:.
Felony carnal knowledge of a juvenile is committed when: The age of consent in Maine is Teenagers aged 14 and 15 may engage in sexual intercourse with partners who are less than 5 years older. Sexual abuse of minors 1. A person is guilty of sexual abuse of a minor if: The person engages in a sexual act with another person, not the actor's spouse, who is either 14 or 15 years of age and the actor is at least 5 years older than the other person.
The age of consent in Maryland is The age of consent in Massachusetts is Section 35A of Chapter states: However, Chapter , Section 4 sets another age of consent at 18 when the "victim" is "of chaste life" and the perpetrator induces them.
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The age of consent in Michigan is 16 and there is no close-in-age exception, unless one is an authority figure in which case the age of consent is In March the Michigan Senate passed a bill which was to prohibit sexual relations between students of any age and teachers. If the actor is in a position of authority, the age of consent is If the younger party is under the age of 13, the older party must be no more than 36 months older.
If the younger party is 13, 14 or 15, the other person must be no more than 48 months older. The specifics of these laws are covered under Sections The age of consent in Mississippi is Statutory rape; enhanced penalty for forcible sexual intercourse or statutory rape by administering certain substances.
New Jersey Statutory Rape Laws
Mistake as to the age of the victim may be a defense in some circumstances as defined in RSMo The distinction among those crimes has led some to the false conclusion that Missouri has a close-in-age exception. Missouri has no such exception beyond the degree of crime committed. While the statutory titles are cast in terms of Rape and Sodomy, the statutes prohibit conduct that is described as "sexual intercourse" and "deviant sexual intercourse". Statutory rape, second degree, penalty. A person commits the crime of statutory rape in the second degree if being twenty-one years of age or older, he has sexual intercourse with another person who is less than seventeen years of age.
Statutory sodomy, second degree, penalty. A person commits the crime of statutory sodomy in the second degree if being twenty-one years of age or older, he has deviate sexual intercourse with another person who is less than seventeen years of age. Child molestation, second degree, penalties. A person commits the crime of child molestation in the second degree if he or she subjects another person who is less than seventeen years of age to sexual contact.
The age of consent in Montana is The age of consent in Nebraska is In addition Nebraska has a law prohibiting "lewdly inducing" a person under 17 to "carnally know" any other person. Sexual assault; first degree; penalty. The sentencing judge shall consider whether the actor caused serious personal injury to the victim in reaching a decision on the sentence. Sexual assault of a child; first degree; penalty.
As used in NRS The age of consent in New Hampshire is But a close-in-age exception exists where a person may "engage in sexual penetration" with a person older than 13 but younger than 16 but only if their age difference is three years or less. However, if the partner is acting "in loco parentis", e. NH Criminal code Section A: There is an exception. If the victim is less than 18 and the partner is a parent, guardian, sibling or any other person closer than a fourth cousin or has any type of authority over the victim for example, a teacher then the assailant may be charged with a crime.
For instance, it's criminal for a manager of any age to have sex with a year-old subordinate, even if the sex is consensual. State law specifies by not saying anything that minors between 13 and 15 years old may, in general, engage in a consensual sexual relationship with someone up to four years older. Therefore, for example, it is legal for a year-old male or female to engage in consensual sex with a person up to 18 years of age. Specifically, NJ state law details three circumstances of sexual assault under which the age of consent is pertinent. For aggravated sexual assault a crime of the first degree , a person must have committed sexual penetration that is, intercouse, oral or anal sex or something inserted while either 1 the victim was under 13 or 2 the assailant exercised some legal or occupational authority over the victim who was between 13 and All other conditions for aggravated sexual assault do not impact the NJ age of consent.
Simple sexual assault a crime of the second degree is defined in two ways, according to N. First, a person must have committed sexual contact that is, intentional touching of intimate parts for sexual gratification while the victim was under 13 and the assailant was over four years older.
Or, second, a person must have committed sexual penetration defined above under aggravated sexual assault while not using force and either 1 the victim was 16 or 17 and one of the following conditions was true:. All other conditions for simple sexual assault do not impact the NJ age of consent. In a period before the age of consent was raised to In May the New Jersey Legislature passed a bill sponsored by Christopher Jackman , the assembly speaker, changed the age of consent to This bill was scheduled to go into effect on September 1, Byrne had refused to sign the bill into law.
The age of consent in New Mexico is 17 with age-gap, marital, and school employee provisions.
Whoever commits criminal sexual penetration in the fourth degree is guilty of a fourth degree felony. The age of consent in New York is The latter three acts were known by statute as "deviant sexual intercourse" prior to Non-intercourse sexual activity is also regulated based on age. Non-intercourse sexual activity, called "sexual contact" is defined as " any touching of the sexual or other intimate parts of a person not married to the actor for the purpose of gratifying sexual desire of either party.
It includes the touching of the actor by the victim, as well as the touching of the victim by the actor, whether directly or through clothing. If the person is underage such "sexual contact" can constitute the crime of "sexual abuse". It is not a defense that the perpetrator believed the victim was older than is later proven. That age is 16 years old. Someone under that age may be adjudicated a juvenile delinquent, but may not commit these crimes. On the other hand , someone who is 16 years old commits a crime by voluntarily having sex with anyone who cannot themselves legally consent to sex, including another year-old, even if this "victim" is actually older.
Bowman , 88 Misc. In effect, mutual crimes are committed when two unmarried year-old individuals voluntarily have sex with each other in New York State, each being the "victim" of the other. Thus, any person who commits one of these lesser offenses would necessarily commit the greater offense of "Predatory sexual assault against a child. There are other special offenses, namely "Course of sexual conduct against a child in the first degree" and "Course of sexual conduct against a child in the second degree" that punish sex with an underage person combined with an additional illegal sexual act during wide time periods.
These do not subject a person to more punishment than the crimes listed above but provide only a gimmick for prosecutors to avoid the requirement that an individual sex act be specified in a rape indictment. Actual "violence" is irrelevant. New York Penal Law Article The age of consent in North Carolina is However, certain exceptions to this general rule exist.
New Jersey Age of Consent Lawyers | LegalMatch Law Library
This prohibition covers adults and students who were at the school at the same time, and continues in force as long as the younger person is a student at any K school, regardless of age. Statutory rape or sexual offense of person who is 13, 14, or 15 years old. North Carolina General Statutes Chapter A person who engages in a sexual act with another, or who causes another to engage in a sexual act, is guilty of an offense if The age of consent in Ohio is 16 as specified by Section However, there exists a close-in-age exception where a minor 13 or older can consent to sex as long as their partner is less than 18 years old.
It is illegal for a person of any age to have sex with a child beneath 13 years of age who they are not married to. However, the preceding statute, Section Ohio law also contains a rule against importuning, which means a perpetrator of any age sexually soliciting a minor over the internet if the minor is under the age of 13, or in the case of a perpetrator 18 years of age or older, sexually soliciting any minor who is under the age of These two crimes are not considered to be sexual offenses. The age of consent in Oklahoma is An employee of a school system who has sexual conduct with a student of that school system aged between 16 and 18 may face criminal charges in Oklahoma.
The age of consent in Oregon is Sexual offenses are defined under the Oregon Revised Statutes Chapter With regards to age only, the following offenses are defined. Consent for all laws. Additionally, Oregon has a three-year rule defined under ORS However, this does not apply to Rape 1, or Sodomy 1, effectively limiting the age to The age of consent in Pennsylvania is 16 years of age for sexual consent.
Teenagers aged 13, 14 and 15 may or may not be able to legally engage in sexual activity with partners who are less than 4 years older. Such partners could not be prosecuted under statutory rape laws, but may be liable for other offenses, even when the sexual activity is consensual. In December the Pennsylvania Legislature passed an amendment stating that an employee of a school who engages in sexual relations with any student or athletic player under the age of 18 may receive a third-degree felony charge.
In Governor of Pennsylvania Tom Corbett signed into law an amendment making this law apply to athletic coaches who work outside of an educational setting. Historically Pennsylvania prosecutors were only allowed to issue misdemeanor charges such as corruption of minors against teachers and coaches who had sex with 16 and year-old students.
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Under Pennsylvania law, a defendant is strictly liable for the offense of rape, a felony of the first degree, when the complainant is 12 or younger. Pennsylvania has enacted several other strict liability sexual offenses when the complainant is under 16, but 13 years old or older. Except as provided in section relating to rape , a person commits a felony of the second degree when that person engages in sexual intercourse with a complainant under the age of 16 years and that person is four or more years older than the complainant and the complainant and the person are not married to each other.
When the alleged victim is 16 or older and less than 18 years of age, and the alleged offender is over the age of 18, the Commonwealth may charge the offense of corruption of minors or unlawful contact with a minor, even if the activity was consensual:. The crime of corruption of minors is usually a crime that accompanies another "more serious" crime such as statutory rape or involuntary deviate sexual intercourse or accompanies some drug or alcohol use, possession or sale.
Tending to corrupt like contributing to delinquency is a broad term involving conduct toward a child in an unlimited variety of ways which tends to produce or to encourage or to continue conduct of the child which would amount to delinquent conduct. The question of whether consensual intercourse with a minor 16 years or older tends to corrupt the morals of that minor is a jury question to be decided by the "common sense of the community". There is also a corruption of minors statute against adults corrupting the morals of minors under 18 years of age.
In JoAnne Epps, a former prosecutor and Temple University Beasley School of Law dean of academic affairs, stated that the corruption of minors charge is considered to be a separate crime from that of statutory rape; she stated that the consideration of whether a minor is consenting to sexual activity is a separate issue from whether someone is corrupting the minor's morals.